What is the difference in image file formats such as BMP, PNG and JPG?

Consumers today see thousands of pictures daily hence it is vital for you to stand out in a rush. Right from your company portal to Social media profiles and banner ads, visuals are considered to be among the most attractive element, which can keep the customers with you. However, do you know that not all the image formats are created equal. Some are merely meant for diagrams and charts, while others are just kept for eye-catching pictures. The image file formats like BMP, PNG, JPG and so on is found with different graphic needs and requirements. There are chances that you will not settle down on one but would even like to use a blend of all these named formats, which will depend on the task at hand. Before you think of using the same, it is vital to understand the difference in various kinds of image files like BMP, PNG and JPG as under, let’s check them out as under:

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This is among the oldest formats for images. It is a kind of Lossless format, wherein you will be in no loss of image data when you save but at the same time there is also very much less to no compression at all, which means when you save any image with BMP format, it simply results in a very big file size, wherein you can have palettes of both the Indexed and Direct options, but that is called as a small consolation with it. Generally in this type of format, the file sizes are unnecessarily very much large, which discourages the users to rely on this type of format. This what makes it different from the other formats of images. The fact is this kind of format is often called as good for nothing, hence it doesn’t seem to excel anywhere while comparing it with other formats.


We choose PNG format when we need a very small size file, which can help in maintaining the quality of original image. PNG files can support millions of colours along with varying degrees of transparency, hence they are considered to be perfect for graphic image files like inforgrahic content and logos. However, this format is not compatible with all the image software or apps. If you are looking to find a file format for the widespread kind of use, PNG can easily complicate the process. However, if you are looking to for a format, which supports millions of colors for your logos and small size images, PNG is for you.


JPG is generally the popular go-to format for a number of online photos. It is known to support a wide range of colors, and invariably distinct types of devices and programs, which could be opened and saved to unusual JPG to Word formats, which in turn make it one of the most universal of the four. The JPG files are very much ideal when you are keen to keep the file sizes down and do not mind losing the quality of your image, to some extent, while making it a small file. Having said that, JPG quality goes down when you see the images being edited and saved. If you are eager on continually editing your files, JPG is certainly not the format for you. However, if you are keen to display the photos online, JPG can be called as the best option to go with.

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Alia is a blogger and writer who frequently writes on technological world. Business and tech help are some her favorite topics.She makes sure that her lifestyle includes only healthy ways of living.

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